Haiti and Yemen are among the countries with the lowest life expectancy rates in the world, facing significant challenges when it comes to healthcare and overall quality of life.

These nations, from areas of conflict to economies in crisis, offer a sobering portrayal of the challenges faced by people worldwide.

Join us as we explore the six countries with the lowest life expectancies and investigate into the factors that contribute to this sobering reality.


Chad – 53.2 years

High infant mortality

To combat high infant mortality rates in Chad, efforts must focus on improving maternal and child healthcare services.

Limited access to quality healthcare facilities and lack of skilled healthcare professionals contribute significantly to the problem.

The government and international organizations need to work together to address these challenges effectively.

Limited healthcare access

High rates of poverty and political instability in Chad have resulted in limited healthcare access for its population.


Insufficient infrastructure and resources further exacerbate the situation, leaving many without proper medical care.

Healthcare initiatives aimed at improving infrastructure, training medical professionals, and supplying necessary equipment are crucial to addressing these issues.

Somalia – 54.4 years

Civil war and poverty

Currently, Somalia has a life expectancy of just 54.4 years, one of the lowest globally.

The nation has endured years of civil conflict, political uncertainty, and economic struggles, all of which have greatly affected the health and overall quality of life of its citizens.

Poor sanitation and health

Little access to basic healthcare services and clean water has led to high mortality rates in Somalia.

Poor sanitation practices contribute to the spread of diseases, and the lack of adequate medical facilities further exacerbates the situation.

Due to scarce resources and inadequate infrastructure for public health efforts, numerous Somalis face challenges in obtaining essential medical and sanitation services, resulting in a high prevalence of preventable diseases and premature mortality.

Sierra Leone – 55.1 years

Ebola outbreak impact

If there’s one event that significantly impacted Sierra Leone’s already low life expectancy, it was the devastating Ebola outbreak in 2014.

The outbreak caused a significant loss of life and placed overwhelming strain on the nation’s fragile healthcare system, leading to a further decrease in life expectancy.


Weak healthcare system

Sierra Leone’s healthcare system has been facing challenges even before the Ebola outbreak. The lack of infrastructure, medical supplies, and trained professionals hinders the country’s ability to provide adequate healthcare services to its population. Providing basic healthcare services to citizens remains a major challenge for Sierra Leone.

Central African Republic – 55.3 years

Ongoing conflict and poverty

Despite its rich natural resources, the Central African Republic has been plagued by ongoing conflict and extreme poverty, resulting in a life expectancy of just 55.3 years.

The constant instability has had a significant impact on the health of the population.

Limited medical resources

On top of the challenges posed by conflict and poverty, the Central African Republic also faces the issue of limited medical resources.

Healthcare facilities are scarce, and access to basic medical services is severely lacking in many parts of the country, contributing to the low life expectancy.

There is a shortage of medical professionals in the Central African Republic, and those that are present may not have the necessary training and resources to adequately meet the health needs of the population.

As a result, preventable illnesses often go untreated and essential healthcare services are not easily accessible, leading to a decrease in life expectancy among the people.

South Sudan – 55.6 years

Civil war and displacement

Clearly, South Sudan’s ongoing civil war and internal conflicts have significantly contributed to its low life expectancy of 55.6 years.

The widespread violence and displacement of populations have disrupted healthcare services and access to basic necessities, leading to a high mortality rate.

Inadequate healthcare infrastructure

Some of the key factors that have contributed to South Sudan’s inadequate healthcare infrastructure include a lack of skilled medical professionals, limited medical facilities, and poor sanitation and hygiene standards.


These challenges have severely impacted the country’s ability to provide crucial healthcare services to its population.

The poor state of the healthcare system in South Sudan is further exacerbated by the lack of crucial medical supplies and equipment, as well as the limited availability of medications.

This has made it difficult for the country to effectively treat common diseases and preventable illnesses, leading to a high mortality rate among its citizens.

Democratic Republic of Congo – 56.2 years

High child mortality rate

Your heart aches knowing that in the Democratic Republic of Congo, a staggering number of children do not live to see their fifth birthday due to factors like malnutrition and lack of access to basic healthcare services.

Inadequate healthcare funding

You’ll find that inadequate healthcare funding in the Democratic Republic of Congo contributes to the dire life expectancy statistics. The limited resources and infrastructure result in challenges providing vital medical services to the population.

Congo faces an uphill battle in healthcare with meager government expenditure on public health. For instance, there is a shortage of healthcare workers, medical supplies, and facilities, exacerbating the already challenging healthcare situation in the country.



As a reminder, life expectancy is influenced by various factors such as healthcare access, quality of life, and socioeconomic conditions. The six countries with the lowest life expectancy face significant challenges in providing adequate healthcare and improving living conditions for their populations.

It is crucial for these countries to prioritize public health measures and address underlying issues in order to increase life expectancy and improve the well-being of their citizens.